Resource Database

Hazardous Waste Resource Database

If your business generates hazardous waste, you are responsible for understanding what federal and state regulations apply to you. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the governing body that presides over all treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials. Beneath that federal organization, every business in the U.S. is subject to state laws. Failing to comply with any of these regulations puts your business, employees, and the environment at risk.

Ensuring your business follows all applicable laws is essential, and it can also be overwhelming. Hayward Environmental Consulting specializes in complete hazardous materials management. We guide business owners who are faced with ongoing and emergency hazmat situations so they can focus on their businesses.

We’ve created a comprehensive resource guide to help simplify how businesses manage their hazardous waste. These resources are a starting point to proper hazardous waste management.

Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Hazardous Waste

What classifies as hazardous waste?
Waste is considered hazardous when it possesses properties that make it dangerous or harmful to human life and/or the environment. It can be found in residential homes, farms, industrial manufacturing, hospitals, and just about anywhere else. The EPA has created an identification process to guide waste generators in determining whether or not a specific type of waste is hazardous. You can find that process on the EPA website.
What is an EPA Provisional Identification Number?
The EPA issues a provisional identification number to businesses and enterprises that don’t produce hazardous waste on a regular basis but find themselves in emergency situations involving potentially harmful materials. The provisional identification number allows a business 30 days to properly remove, transport, and dispose of the waste at a state or federally regulated hazardous waste management, treatment, or storage facility. A provisional number is different than a permanent number that is assigned to businesses with ongoing hazardous waste generation. It’s important to determine whether your business needs a provisional or permanent identification number.
How do I determine my business’s generator category?
The EPA separates all generators of hazardous waste into three categories. Those categories are: very small quantity generators (VSGQs), small quantity generators (SQGs), and large quantity generators (LQGs). The category your business belongs to will determine the specific regulations that apply to you.

To determine which category your business belongs to, you must calculate how much hazardous waste your business generates per month. All measurements are taken in pounds, and if your business produces liquid waste, you must convert gallons to pounds to provide an accurate measurement. Reclaimed scrap metal, universal waste, and residue left on the bottoms of containers after being emptied do not need to be counted.

The qualifications for each category are as follows:

• VSGQ – less than 220 pounds per month
• SQG – between 220 and 2,200 pounds per month
• LQG – more than 2,200 pounds per month

Once you determine which category your business belongs in, you are responsible for following all applicable regulations.

What is an episodic event?
An episodic event is when an SQG or VSQG experiences a situation that temporarily increases the amount of hazardous waste they produce per month. This can occur during a one-time project, a seasonal cleanout, a spill, or an emergency event. When this happens, instead of being forced into the next higher category, the business could be eligible for a streamlined set of requirements. Not every situation will qualify as an episodic event.
What is universal waste?
Universal waste includes potentially hazardous items that are commonly thrown away in households and businesses. These include batteries, lamps, pesticides, and equipment that contains small amounts of mercury. The EPA’s Universal Waste Program was created to streamline the management of these materials that would otherwise overwhelm waste facilities. It also promotes proper recycling and encourages local areas to develop their own municipal programs to reduce how many of these objects end up in landfills.
How do I ensure my business is following all hazardous waste regulations?
The EPA has established in-depth documentation to regulate how hazardous waste is managed from inception all the way to final disposal. Failure to comply will result in fines, penalties, legal actions, and it also leaves a business vulnerable to accidents that could harm human health and/or the environment. If you’re unsure about what your business needs to do to remain in compliance, an experienced and qualified hazardous waste management company will be your answer.

These companies are well trained in the management of hazardous waste and have detailed knowledge of all related laws and regulations. If you choose to go this route, it is in your best interest to research a company with a reliable reputation and specific experience with your type of hazardous waste. They will know the specifics of what needs to be done to keep your business in compliance, but you are ultimately responsible for all your hazardous waste. If something goes wrong, you will be the one to face the consequences.

General Resources

These resources provide general information about the storage, transport, and disposal of hazardous waste materials.

Health Resources

Resources and Regulation Boards By State

Along with federal regulations, every business is responsible for meeting and understanding state law. Governing boards within each state enforce and maintain hazardous waste procedures to protect the environment and safeguard human health.

You’re encouraged to visit your state government’s website to familiarize yourself with local requirements regarding hazardous waste.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

If you have further questions about your business’s hazardous waste, contact Hayward Environmental Consulting for a fast response and ethical solution.